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Jul 23, 2013 · You Won’t Forget: The Difference between African and Asian Elephants July 23, 2013 Written by Thomson Safaris One of these things is not like the other but at first it might be hard to see the difference between African and Asian elephants.
Differences Between African and Asian Elephants. There are many differences between Asian and African elephants. Both types of elephant are members of the same taxonomical family, elephantidae, but are of a different genus; elephas maximus (Asian elephants, Loxodonta africana (African savanna elephants) and Loxodonta cyclotis (African Forest Elephant).
It is estimated that at the turn of the century there were more than 100,000 elephants in Asia (Santiapillai and Ramono 1992). The actual number of elephants found in the wild then and now can be only rough estimates. The surviving population of Asian elephants is estimated between 30,000–50,000, one-tenth of the population of African elephants.
African elephants and Asian elephants also differ in head shape. African elephants have rounded heads, while Asian elephants have a twin-domed head, which means there’s a divot line running up the head. Finally, you can look at the tusks. Both male and female African elephants can have tusks, but only male Asian elephants can grow them.